Mona Norouzi, PhD candidate, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Iran
According to Gerard Genette's theory, whenever a text sets to criticize and interpret another text, it will be considered as a metatext for that text. In Metatextuality as a form of intertextual intercourse, a text can explain, expand, condemn or endorse another text. This paper studies and discusses all the elements of mythical narratives related to the birth and death of Christ based on comparison of the narratives in New Testament (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John), Quran and Islamic interpretations (Tafsir al-Tabari, Tafsir-i Sur abadi, Rawz al-jinan wa ruh al-jinan, Qisas Al-Anbiya) and Persian poems (until 6th century AH).
Furthermore, this paper sets out to analyze the transformation of narrations as well as similarities and differences based on a Metatextual approach. This study documents that not only there are various narratives about Christian myths between Christian and Islamic sources, but also there are differences among Islamic sources, such that we observe the emergence of different narratives as well as narratives conforming to Christian sources.